Marijuana Laws by State in 2021: A Legal Weed Map and Short Guide to Regulation

Marijuana Legality by State: A Comprehensive Interactive Map

This map was last updated January 2021. Be sure to check the current laws within your municipality.

Marijuana Legality by State Key

Where is marijuana legal in the U.S.? With every state but two legalizing marijuana in at least some form, this country is a little bit greener than a few years ago, but now, there are numerous different state laws on the legalization of recreational marijuana. Legal states like California and Colorado offer widely available dispensaries, while in places like Alabama and Georgia, which are technically medical marijuana states, possession still may lead to felonies.

Each state has its own weed laws. It’s … a little chaotic.

Because there are so many different laws, attitudes, and regulations on cannabis in the United States, we created a legal weed map to help people make sense of the multitude of regulations around what’s still federally, technically, a controlled substance.

How Many States Have Legalized Weed?

So far, there are 15 total recreational weed states, but 2021 may lead to a few more joining them. New York, New Mexico, and Minnesota are predicted to go fully legal fairly soon. As of now, 48 of the 50 states allow for some form of medical weed.

Every U.S. state except for Nebraska and Idaho has passed at least some legislation allowing legal medical cannabis use, though many are very, very restrictive.

For instance, low-THC CBD oil is the only legal form of non-medical cannabis in the following states: Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

As of now, 31 out of the 50 states have undergone some decriminalization of weed under the law, whereas others still have very strict laws that resemble the federal norm.

Where Is Weed Legal in the U.S.?

When asking “How many states legalized weed?”, most people are referring to the recreational marijuana states. The states that have legalized marijuana are Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, Oregon, South Dakota, Vermont, and Washington.. It’s important to point out that even in states where pot is legal, there are several laws about how much you’re allowed to carry on you, keep in your house, and transport — obviously, driving while high is a bad idea. But there are important differences: Some states, like Vermont, allow only growing in the home, whereas others, like Washington, do not allow for home-growing of cannabis plants except for special circumstances.

A Guide to Marijuana Laws by State

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As you can see from our weed map, U.S. marijuana laws can get a little tricky. Besides knowing what states have legalized weed, it’s important to also know some of the most important, nitty-gritty information, like how much you’re allowed to own, whether you can transport it, and who is allowed to partake.

We’re going to take a deep look at the weed laws of each state and go into much more detail than our marijuana map on which places can be dangerous or OK to smoke in.

Alabama

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

Marijuana possession for “personal use only” is a misdemeanor and can result in a prison sentence of up to a year and a maximum fine of $6,000. Anything other than possession for personal use can be considered a felony in Alabama, resulting in anywhere between a year and 10 years in prison and up to $15,000 in fines. In 2014, the governor signed “Carly’s Law,” permitting non-psychoactive CBD oil to be provided to children experiencing seizures in clinical studies. Fundamentally, weed is illegal in Alabama save for extremely rare situations.

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Alaska

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Alaska is one of the states with legal recreational pot, even allowing for dispensaries as of 2014. Adults 21 and older can possess up to an ounce of weed and six plants. In 2019 alone, the state reported more than $2 million in tax revenue from marijuana. Here’s more info on the regulations.

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Arizona

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Is weed legal in Arizona? As of November 2020, recreational use of marijuana is legal for adults 21 or older. Adults can possess up to an ounce of weed or may cultivate up to six plants for personal use. Adults may also transfer up to six plants to another adult as long as there is no monetary exchange and the transfer is not advertised to the public.

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Arkansas

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Though there is an official Arkansas medical marijuana program, it’s considered to be one of the more restrictive in the country, according to the Marijuana Policy Project. There are very few legal places to purchase medical weed, though many people have official ID cards. Recreational possession in small amounts can lead to a year in jail and a fine of up to $2,500, and the ACLU has reported that enforcement disproportionately affects black Americans in Arkansas.

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California

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

The first state to legalize medical use of weed in 1996 with the now-famous Proposition 215, California now has a rich history with the substance. In 2016, weed became legal for recreational use, too. Is weed legal in California today? Yes, and the state is home to marijuana cafés and hundreds of dispensaries. But of course, there are limits built into the California weed laws; for instance, you are limited to growing up to six plants, which must be licensed, you can only travel with 1 ounce (or 28 grams), and you can’t smoke in public. The state itself has lots of information and resources on the substance and how it’s regulated.

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Colorado

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

While California was the first to legalize medical marijuana, Colorado and Washington were the first two states to legalize it for recreational use. Now, Colorado’s weed tourism brings them big bucks. There are limits to the Colorado marijuana laws: As with California, you can grow up to six licensed plants, you can carry up to 1 ounce, and you must not smoke in public. There are other important things to keep in mind if you plan on visiting, too: National parks are off limits, many counties have their own rules for when, where, and if you can smoke, and you should plan to have cash on you because many dispensaries can’t take credit cards.

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Connecticut

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Cannabis has been decriminalized in Connecticut, but distributing it still may result in a felony when possessing larger amounts. As of now, there’s a large and robust medical marijuana program with a fairly long list of qualifying medical conditions, including PTSD for adults and epilepsy for minors. Many believe the state will start moving toward legalization, with bills already being brought to committees but not brought up yet for a vote.

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Delaware

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

The Delaware Cannabis Policy Coalition has been promoting the legalization and regulation of recreational marijuana and hopes to get a bill passed in the next couple of years. As of now, weed has been decriminalized and medical marijuana is only allowed for those with the following conditions:

  • ALS/Lou Gehrig’s Disease

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Autism with aggressive or self-harming behavior

  • Cancer

  • Chronic, debilitating migraines

  • Decompensated cirrhosis

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Intractable epilepsy

  • PTSD

  • Terminal illness

  • Other conditions that cause seizures, wasting syndrome, intractable nausea, or severe pain

Those approved can possess up to six ounces.

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Florida

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Is weed legal in Florida? By and large, the answer is no; possession of more than 20 grams can lead to a felony charge. Medical marijuana is legal, allowing up to 2.5 ounces for those with a qualifying condition. There had been a ban on smoking medical weed, but it has since been repealed. It can still be difficult to get legal Florida marijuana, as you will need to have one of these qualifying conditions:

  • ALS

  • Cancer

  • Chronic nonmalignant pain

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Epilepsy

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • PTSD

  • Terminal condition

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Georgia

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

Georgia is one of the most restrictive states for weed, with more than 1 ounce in your possession potentially leading to a felony charge. HB 324 allowed for medical use of CBD oil only, with less than 5% THC content. While it’s decriminalized in some major cities, like Atlanta, approval overall is hard to get. Approval for low-THC oil is available to those with the following conditions:

  • AIDS

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

  • Autism

  • Cancer

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Hospice care patients

  • Intractable pain

  • Mitochondrial disease

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Post-traumatic stress syndrome

  • Severe or end-stage peripheral neuropathy

  • Seizure disorder

  • Sickle cell disease

  • Tourette’s syndrome

Penalties for possession have been reduced in Atlanta, Savannah, Clarkston, South Fulton, Fulton County, Forest Park, Kingsland, and Macon-Bibb County.

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Hawaii

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Weed in Hawaii is approved only for medical use, with only 4 ounces of usable marijuana allowed at a given time and no more than seven plants. Possession in Hawaii has been decriminalized; only very large amounts, one pound or more, can bring a felony charge. Marijuana is available for medical use with a prescription when you have one of the following:

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

  • Cachexia

  • Cancer

  • Chronic pain

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Epilepsy

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV or AIDS

  • Lupus

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Nausea

  • Persistent muscle spasms

  • Post traumatic stress

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

  • Seizures

There is also room in the law for the state department of health to approve specific cases.

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Idaho

Prohibited
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal

Marijuana is not legal in any fashion in the state of Idaho, and possession of more than 3 ounces is a felony.

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Illinois

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

As of Jan. 1, 2020, recreational marijuana legalization took effect in Illinois. Users 21 or older are legally able to posses up to 30 grams of raw cannabis or 5 grams of concentrated cannabis. You can find answers to commonly asked questions about Illinois’s cannabis legalization law here.

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Indiana

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

As of now, Indiana allows CBD oil with less than 0.3% THC. Medical CBD is allowed for those in Indiana with treatment-resistant epileptic conditions, including Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.

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Iowa

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

Weed is not legal in Iowa. Cannabis oil with less than 3% THC is legal for those with the following conditions:

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

  • Cancer

  • Chronic pain

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Corticobasal degeneration

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

  • Seizures

  • Severe, intractable pediatric autism with self-injurious or aggressive behaviors

  • Severe, intractable autism with self-injurious or aggressive behaviors

  • Terminal illness

  • Ulcerative colitis

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Kansas

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

In 2018, Kansas passed a law allowing CBD products with 0% THC, one of the most restrictive medical marijuana laws in the country. But there’s a problem; most oils contain at least traces of THC. Fundamentally, it’s still illegal.

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Kentucky

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

Essentially, it is illegal in Kentucky. There was a brief legalization of CBD oil for people being treated for epilepsy in clinical trials at the University of Kentucky, but it is not available outside of those parameters. In February 2020, the Kentucky House of Representatives voted to pass a medical cannabis bill, although soon after, the coronavirus pandemic forced the Senate to adjourn without voting on the bill. The fight for medical cannabis legalization in Kentucky will continue in 2021.

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Louisiana

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited

Louisiana has a medical marijuana program that’s not very functional, with only two authorized cultivators (Louisiana State University and Southern University) that offer a 30-day supply of non-smokable marijuana to those with one of these qualifying conditions:

  • Autism spectrum disorders

  • Cachexia/wasting syndrome

  • Cancer

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Epilepsy

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Intractable pain (defined as “pain so chronic or severe as to otherwise warrant an opiate prescription”)

  • Muscular dystrophy

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Seizure disorders/spasticity

  • Severe muscle spasms

  • Other debilitating conditions

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Maine

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Is weed legal in Maine? Yes, it’s one of the cannabis-legal states approved for both recreational and medical use. Locals can carry up to 2.5 ounces (or 71 grams) on them and 5 grams of concentrate. They can also cultivate up to three flowering plants or 12 immature plants. Note that only some of Maine’s cities and towns have opted in to be able to license businesses.

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Maryland

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited

Marijuana decriminalization efforts have been made — having 10 grams or less is just a civil offense. There is an active medical marijuana program in Maryland, which allows possession of a 30-day supply, although edible forms of marijuana are not allowed. The following conditions qualify for Maryland’s medical marijuana program:

  • Cachexia, anorexia, or wasting syndrome

  • Chronic pain

  • Nausea

  • Seizures

  • Severe or persistent muscle spasms

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Massachusetts

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Weed is fully legal in Massachusetts! Marijuana legalization started in 2016 with a vote, and the first sales began in 2018. Locals are allowed up to 1 ounce outside of the home and 10 ounces inside of the home (up to six plants). You cannot drive under the influence or have an open container in the passenger seat of your car. Check out more of the Massachusetts marijuana laws for details.

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Michigan

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

As of 2018, recreational weed usage is legal in the state of Michigan. Recreational dispensaries opened at the end of 2019 and sold $10 million worth of marijuana within just the first six weeks of opening. Locals are allowed 2.5 ounces outside of the home and up to 10 ounces inside of the home, with a limit of 12 plants per household. Note that some communities have opted out.

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Minnesota

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited

Pot is only legal in liquid, pill, or vaporized form for medical use; all smoking is illegal. Possession of more than 42.5 grams may be punishable by five years in prison and a fine of up to $10,000. There are quite a few regulations, but these are the qualifying medical conditions:

  • Age-related macular degeneration

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

  • Autism

  • Cancer

  • Cachexia

  • Chronic pain

  • Chronic vocal or motor tic disorder

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Intractable pain

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Seizures

  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms

  • Sickle cell disease (effective August 2021)

  • Sleep apnea

  • Terminal illness

  • Tourette’s syndrome

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Mississippi

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited
Legal amount is limited

Mississippi has decriminalized possession of small amounts of pot (30 grams or less). CBD oil with less than 0.5% THC and at least 15% CBD is available for those with epileptic conditions and seizures. Mississippi’s medical marijuana program will begin providing licenses for retailers in August 2021, which will allow those with qualified conditions to posses up to 2.5 ounces. The following conditions qualify under Mississippi’s new medical marijuana law:

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

  • Autism with aggressive behaviors

  • Cachexia

  • Cancer

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Dementia-related agitation

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Epilepsy

  • Glaucoma

  • Huntington’s disease

  • Intractable nausea

  • Intractable seizures

  • Multiple sclerosis and/or severe muscle spasticity

  • Neuropathies (chronic nerve pain)

  • Opioid management

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Severe chronic or intractable pain

  • Spinal cord damage

  • Sickle cell anemia

  • Terminal illness

  • Ulcerative colitis

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Missouri

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Marijuana has been decriminalized, and the state has a fairly open medical marijuana program. There is a big list of conditions that qualify for its prescription. Those who qualify can purchase up to 4 ounces every 30 days and have up to six plants, but they must obtain an ID card from the DOH and grow them in a closed and locked facility.

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Montana

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Montana voters approved a pair of marijuana legalization initiatives in November 2020, one to legalize the recreational use of cannabis and the other to set the legal age for use at 21. However, people in the state of Montana may have to wait before they’ll be able to purchase weed, as state lawmakers rejected a request at the beginning of 2021 to fund the voter-approved legalization program. Once sales begin, locals will be allowed to posses up to one ounce and four plants.

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Nebraska

Prohibited
Decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal

Marijuana is illegal for both medical and recreation use in Nebraska, but decriminalization has begun — possession of less than one pound is a misdemeanor rather than a felony.

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Nevada

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Is marijuana legal in Nevada? Yes, it’s fully legal both for recreational and medical use. Right now, you can go to any of the licensed retailers to buy recreational weed. Nevada allows for six plants per household and possession of one ounce of marijuana or an eighth of an ounce of concentrated cannabis. Visitors should know that you can’t consume it in a public place or drive while using it.

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New Hampshire

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Medical marijuana is legal in New Hampshire, and the drug has been decriminalized down to misdemeanors for the first three offenses. Those with a qualifying medical condition can have up to two ounces. Those conditions include the following:

  • ALS

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Cachexia

  • Cancer

  • Chemotherapy-induced anorexia

  • Chronic pain

  • Chronic pancreatitis

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

  • Elevated intraocular pressure

  • Epilepsy

  • Glaucoma

  • Hepatitis C

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Lupus

  • Moderate to severe vomiting

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Muscular dystrophy

  • Nausea

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Persistent muscle spasms

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Seizures

  • Severe pain

  • Spinal cord injury or disease

  • Traumatic brain injury

  • Wasting syndrome

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New Jersey

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

New Jersey voters passed Question 1 in November 2020, which calls for the state constitution to be amended to allow recreational marijuana for adults ages 21 and older. The law was supposed to take effect on Jan. 1, 2021, but as of the beginning of the year, all of the laws against marijuana were still in effect, although “cannabis” is OK in certain situations. The legalization laws for New Jersey are likely to be updated, so we recommend looking into the state’s regulations first.

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New Mexico

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

It looks as though 2021 could be the year when New Mexico finally legalizes recreational marijuana, but in the meantime, the state has a fairly robust medical cannabis program. Also, the drug was decriminalized in 2019, with possession of anything below 8 ounces leading to a misdemeanor rather than a felony. Those who qualify for medical cannabis can posses 8 ounces over a 90-day period and a total of 16 plants (four mature, 12 immature).

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New York

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

Is weed legal in New York? No, recreational use is not approved, despite the fact that 60% of voters support legalization. New York is expected to finally legalize cannabis for adult recreational use in 2021. Marijuana has been decriminalized in New York, and the state’s medical marijuana regulations, which only allow non-smokable products, say that it can be used by those with the following conditions:

  • Acute pain management

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

  • Cancer

  • Chronic pain

  • Epilepsy

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Huntington’s disease

  • Inflammatory bowel disease

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Neuropathies

  • Opioid substitution

  • Spinal cord damage

For those who can’t get medical marijuana, New York has a gray zone of legality for CBD oil of less than 0.3% THC.

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North Carolina

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

CBD oil is the only form of legal weed in North Carolina, and it’s only available to those with intractable epilepsy. That being said, the state has committed to decriminalizing possession of small amounts (1.5 ounces or less is a misdemeanor).

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North Dakota

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited

North Dakota has a medical marijuana program and has decriminalized possession of small amounts. The state’s medical marijuana program only allows patients with a debilitating medical condition or cancer to use cannabis with a combustible delivery method; all other patients can only use cannabis-infused tinctures, topical solutions, capsules, and patches. The following conditions have been approved for medical marijuana use:

  • ALS

  • Agitation from Alzheimer’s disease or related dementia

  • Anorexia nervosa

  • Anxiety disorder

  • Autism spectrum disorder

  • Brain injury

  • Bulimia nervosa

  • Cachexia or wasting syndrome

  • Cancer

  • Chronic or debilitating disease

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

  • Endometriosis

  • Epilepsy

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Glaucoma

  • Hepatitis C

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Interstitial cystitis

  • Intractable nausea

  • Neuropathy

  • Migraine

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • PTSD

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

  • Seizures

  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms

  • Severe debilitating pain

  • Spinal stenosis

  • Tourette’s syndrome

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Ohio

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited

Ohio has decriminalized small amounts of marijuana and has legalized medical use. Ohio’s medical marijuana program allows for use with the following conditions:

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease)

  • Cachexia

  • Cancer

  • Chronic traumatic encephalopathy

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Epilepsy or other seizure disorders

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Glaucoma

  • Hepatitis C

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Inflammatory bowel disease

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Pain that is either of the following nature: (i) Chronic and severe; or (ii) Intractable

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Sickle cell anemia

  • Spinal cord disease or injury

  • Tourette’s syndrome

  • Traumatic brain injury

  • Ulcerative colitis

A legalization proposal for recreational use failed in 2015, and many individual cities have removed penalties for cannabis misdemeanors.

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Oklahoma

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

In 2018, the state legalized medical use of cannabis. It now has one of the largest programs in the nation, with more than 340,000 licenses issued and the program having generated more than $45 million between January and September of 2020.

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Oregon

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Weed is fully legal in Oregon, with the legalization measure taking effect in 2015 and recreational sales beginning in 2017. Marijuana sales in the state soared to more than $1 billion in 2020. Recreational users are limited to one ounce in public or eight ounces in the home and four plants per household.

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Pennsylvania

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Several cities have decriminalized possession of small amounts of pot, like Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, PA. Initially, medical cannabis could only be taken through pills, oils, ointments, tinctures, or liquids, but in 2018, vaporized herbal cannabis was approved for medical use. Medical marijuana is available for the following conditions:

  • ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease)

  • Anxiety disorders

  • Autism

  • Cancer

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Dyskinetic/spastic movement disorders

  • Epilepsy

  • Glaucoma

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Huntington’s disease

  • Inflammatory bowel disease

  • Intractable seizures

  • Intractable spasticity

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Neurodegenerative disorders

  • Neuropathies

  • Opioid dependency

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Sickle cell anemia

  • Severe chronic or intractable pain

  • Terminal illness

  • Tourette’s syndrome

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Rhode Island

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

The state has decriminalized possession of less than one kilogram, but any more than a kilogram can result in a felony. Those with these conditions are allowed access to medical marijuana in Rhode Island:

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Austism

  • Cachexia

  • Cancer

  • Chronic pain

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Glaucoma

  • Hepatitis C

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Nausea

  • Persistent muscle spasms

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Seizures

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South Carolina

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

Only CBD oil with less than 0.9% THC is allowed for medical use, and that is only specifically allowed for those with Dravet syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, or refractory epilepsy.

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South Dakota

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal with limitations
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Voters in South Dakota passed Constitutional Amendment A in November 2020. This new law takes effect on July 1, 2021, and will allow adults to purchase and possess up to one ounce of marijuana and three plants for personal use. More specifics for medical and recreational legalization will be determined within 120 days of the bill coming into effect.

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Tennessee

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

CBD with less than 0.9% THC is technically available to those with certain conditions, like epilepsy, but the law does not offer the opportunity to buy the oil legally within the state. Some municipalities have pushed toward decriminalization, like Nashville and Memphis, but there is a long way to go as far as weed law reform, which is lagging behind other states.

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Texas

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

Is weed legal in Texas? Definitely not, as only CBD oil with less than 0.5% THC is legal for medical use, and only for those with certain serious conditions. Texas is known to have one of the most restrictive medical marijuana programs in the country, but the program could expand to cover people with more conditions in 2021. The program currently covers the following conditions:

  • Autism

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

  • Incurable neurodegenerative disorders

  • Intractable epilepsy

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Seizure disorders

  • Terminal cancer

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Utah

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited
Legal amount is limited

There is a somewhat restrictive medical program for marijuana use, allowing use for those with the following conditions:

  • ALS

  • Alzheimer’s disease

  • Autism

  • Cachexia

  • Cancer

  • Chronic pain

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Debilitating muscle spasms

  • Debilitating seizures

  • Epilepsy

  • HIV

  • Hospice care

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Persistent nausea (except nausea caused by pregnancy)

  • PTSD

  • Terminal illness

  • Ulcerative colitis

Patients can also petition a “compassionate use” board to qualify.

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Vermont

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Pot is legal in Vermont, with a limit of two mature plants and four immature plants within the home and possession of one ounce or less. While marijuana is legal to possess in Vermont, it is not legal for retail sale. Medical marijuana is available for sale, though.

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Virginia

Medically legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

Medical cannabis products can be prescribed for any condition or disease that will benefit from such use. They must contain a minimum of 5 mg of CBD or THC-A and can contain up to 10 mg of THC per dose. Decriminalization was passed in 2020, reducing penalties for possession of up to one ounce of marijuana to a civil violation.

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Washington

Fully legal
Decriminalized
Transportation is legal
Growing is legal with limitations
Prescriptions don't require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited
Legal amount is limited

Washington was one of the first two states (the other being Colorado) to fully legalize recreational weed. It’s been legal since 2012 and has brought in millions in taxes. Home growing remains illegal except for medical purposes. Adults age 21 and older can get up to one ounce of usable marijuana, 16 ounces of edibles in solid form, and 72 ounces in liquid form. at a time. It’s also illegal to consume publicly. Check out this visitor guide to recreational marijuana in Washington state.

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West Virginia

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is not limited

West Virginia has a fairly robust medical cannabis program, which allows for prescriptions for the following conditions:

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

  • Cancer

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Epilepsy

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Huntington’s disease

  • Intractable seizures

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Neuropathies

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

  • Severe chronic or intractable pain

  • Sickle cell anemia

  • Spinal cord damage

  • Terminal illness

Medical marijuana patients can possess cannabis as infused pills, oils, topicals, liquids, or patches. It can also be in dry leaf or plant form or administered by vaporization or nebulization.

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Wisconsin

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

As of now, CBD oil is the only available form of medical marijuana, although access has been expanded in recent years from treating just seizure-causing conditions to treating any medical condition that a physician recommends it for. The state of Wisconsin has not decriminalized marijuana, but some of the cities within the state have, including Green Bay and Madison.

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Wyoming

Medically legal
Not decriminalized
Transportation is illegal
Growing is illegal
Prescriptions require specific medical conditions
THC is limited

While Wyoming technically allows the use of CBD oil to treat intractable epilepsy, it provides no means to access it inside the state legally. In 2018, rather than moving toward decriminalization, the legislature tried to increase marijuana penalties.

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If you want to learn more about weed laws in your state or get involved locally, know that you have a lot of resources at your disposal. If you’re in a weed-legal state, you can find legal cannabis products near you with WeedMaps or consider becoming a supplier or producer with the National Cannabis Industry Association. If you’re in a weed-illegal state, you can do your part in pushing legislators toward common-sense medical marijuana laws with the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (or NORML), the Drug Policy Alliance, or the Marijuana Policy Project. We hope our state-by-state guide and legal weed map has helped make a confusing topic a little bit more clear!

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